ON POLITICAL THEOLOGY: This is one of those terms whose precise meaning has always escaped me, especially because people tend to see it everywhere. So I was happy to have the chance to ask one of the burning questions I've had about this to a theorist who has written on the topic extensively. Since he writes about Hobbes at the key figure who institutes modern liberalism, I asked how Hobbes' liberalism was compatible with his belief that there should be one state-run church which dictated practice. The answer, I was told, was that so long as the religious content did nothing to determine political content, there was no problem for liberalism. Which I guess explains that political theology means only the control of politics by theology, and therefore liberalism, insomuch as it opposes political theology, is unconcerned with what happens the other way around.
Except that I'm fairly certain this doesn't work as a historical matter: one's ability to hold political office in England depended, in the period after the English Reformation, on one's ability to consent to the state-established church (whether Protestant or Catholic at any given moment). I'm also fairly certain it doesn't work as a conceptual matter, since it privileges politics above religion. Someone in early modern thought probably does this, but it's certainly not Hobbes.